Cochise’s war

Written April 8, 2016   The Apache Wars are well-known as the context behind Geronimo’s fame, and are often thought of as a continuous series of battles between Apaches and the United States. This is not wholly incorrect, but it presents an incomplete understanding of the events. In fact, the Apaches Wars might be more … Continue reading Cochise’s war

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The Early Steps of the Political Incorporation of New Mexico into the United States

Written March 13, 2016   When Mexico gained its independence in 1821, Mexico’s northern frontier floundered in the vacuum left by the absence of Spanish troops, money, and governance. The Mexican frontier became a convenient and increasingly lucrative target for the expanding United States. The region was poorly defended, poorly managed, disenchanted with its federal … Continue reading The Early Steps of the Political Incorporation of New Mexico into the United States

Rations and social control in Spanish New Mexico

Written February 29, 2016   The reentry of the Spaniards into New Mexico in the 1690s was violent and expensive, despite the Spaniards’ alliance with certain Puebloan groups.[1] A hundred years later, the Spanish colonization of the Apaches and Comanches began with violence, too, but after high death tolls, that violence gave way to a … Continue reading Rations and social control in Spanish New Mexico