Pinkertons: Policing labor in the American West

Written December 2, 2015   Policing in the American West began as corporate security in the mid-1800s. The philosophies that shaped that initial endeavor were a powerful force in American policing nationally, through the 19020s and into the early 30s. The first big businesses in the West were the railroads, crossing wildernesses that, for their … Continue reading Pinkertons: Policing labor in the American West

Context for Carlisle: Whiteness and Native Assimilation 1880-1900

Written November 7, 2015   It was the end of the Indian Wars. The buffalo were dead and the Indians were starving on their reservations[1]. The rations handed out on reservations by the federal government looked fiscally unsustainable. “After the conquest,” says historian Patricia Limerick, “Indians were a population in trouble, with massive unemployment and … Continue reading Context for Carlisle: Whiteness and Native Assimilation 1880-1900