Context for Carlisle: Whiteness and Native Assimilation 1880-1900

Written November 7, 2015   It was the end of the Indian Wars. The buffalo were dead and the Indians were starving on their reservations[1]. The rations handed out on reservations by the federal government looked fiscally unsustainable. “After the conquest,” says historian Patricia Limerick, “Indians were a population in trouble, with massive unemployment and … Continue reading Context for Carlisle: Whiteness and Native Assimilation 1880-1900

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Imperialism and the Indian Removal Act

Written October 18, 2015 In a message to the Congress of the United States dated 8 December 1829 [President Andrew] Jackson declared of [Indian] removal: ‘This emigration should be voluntary, for it would be as cruel as unjust to compel the aborigines to abandon the graves of their father, and seek a home in a … Continue reading Imperialism and the Indian Removal Act