Imperialism and the Indian Removal Act

Written October 18, 2015 In a message to the Congress of the United States dated 8 December 1829 [President Andrew] Jackson declared of [Indian] removal: ‘This emigration should be voluntary, for it would be as cruel as unjust to compel the aborigines to abandon the graves of their father, and seek a home in a … Continue reading Imperialism and the Indian Removal Act

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The Early Steps of the Political Incorporation of New Mexico into the United States

Written March 13, 2016   When Mexico gained its independence in 1821, Mexico’s northern frontier floundered in the vacuum left by the absence of Spanish troops, money, and governance. The Mexican frontier became a convenient and increasingly lucrative target for the expanding United States. The region was poorly defended, poorly managed, disenchanted with its federal … Continue reading The Early Steps of the Political Incorporation of New Mexico into the United States

Rations and social control in Spanish New Mexico

Written February 29, 2016   The reentry of the Spaniards into New Mexico in the 1690s was violent and expensive, despite the Spaniards’ alliance with certain Puebloan groups.[1] A hundred years later, the Spanish colonization of the Apaches and Comanches began with violence, too, but after high death tolls, that violence gave way to a … Continue reading Rations and social control in Spanish New Mexico